Thursday , 19 September 2019
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Keeping bone health in check

Deepika Rathod

Many have been reaching out to me due to bone-related issues. They have said their bone pain increases every day. After further inspection I realised their complaints consist of extreme fatigue, lethargy unintentional weight loss, etc, and thyroid issue, particularly hyperthyroidism. The thyroid hormone plays a pivotal role in the process of bone metabolism wherein an excess as well as a deficiency can be potentially harmful for bone tissues.

Hyperthyroidism is generally associated with an increased excretion of minerals like calcium and phosphorous in the urine and stool which results in a loss of bone mineral. This can lead to an increased risk of broken bones (fractures) but if treated at an early stage bone loss can be minimised. Just like hyperthyroidism, an excessive use of large amounts of thyroid hormone replacement medication can result in bone loss. In addition to bone issues like osteoporosis, hyperthyroidism can also cause increase in the blood calcium levels also known as hypercalcemia. Occasionally, this may be severe enough to cause stomach upsest, excessive urination and impaired kidney function.

It is important to focus on bone health particularly when one suffers from hyperthyroid issues. We need to keep a check on calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, phosphorous and other bone related minerals. To improve these levels naturally one can add the following items to one’s diet and routine – sesame seeds (til), ragi or nachni, rajgira seeds, brown chana, matki/moth beans, horse gram, spinach and collard greens, figs and prunes, kidney beans (rajma), bony fish, eggs (specially the yolk), fish, salmon, mushrooms, cod liver oil (1 teaspoon) and most importantly sunlight.

Keep a close check on blood parameters with routine check-ups. Your doctor may recommend supplements if food sources do not provide the required amounts on minerals, etc. It is important for one to follow the doctor’s recommendation and not self medicate.

Along with diet exercises such as jogging or power walking help strengthen bones, yoga and other balancing exercises may be useful in improving balance. Exercising reduces the risk of falls which could break bones. Being active is of utmost important.

Keep a close watch on your body’s cue, follow a healthy diet and stay active to keep yourself healthy!

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