The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has issued guidelines for updating of Coastal Zone Management Plan (CZMP), prepared as per CRZ notification, 2011 to align it with new CRZ notification, 2019.
The Ministry has mandated that the CZMP be made ready in six months, but it is unlikely for the state to prepare it based on new CRZ notification because it is yet to prepare the coastal zone maps as per earlier CRZ notification, 2011.
The guidelines state that CZMP shall be updated or revised by any of the authorised agencies identified by the MoEF&CC, using the demarcation of the high tide line, low tide line, eco- sensitive area and critical vulnerable coastal areas as carried out by NCSCM, Chennai, and hazard line as demarcated by the Survey of India.
The updated CZMP prepared as per CRZ notification, 2019 shall be submitted for scrutiny by the Technical Scrutiny Committee constituted by the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM), Chennai. The Technical Scrutiny Committee shall make its recommendations to the NCZMA for an appropriate decision.
The state will have to introduce changes in the CRZ 3 A category, which deals with panchayats having population density of 2,161 per sq km, to demarcate reduction in no development zone (NDZ) to 50 metres from high tide line or width of the creek, for carrying out commercial activities as against 200 metres NDZ mentioned in the earlier CRZ notification, 2011.
The water areas of CRZ-IV shall be clearly demarcated as to whether the water body is sea, lagoon, backwater, creek, bay, and estuary etc. For such classification of the water bodies, the terminology used by the Naval Hydrographic office shall be relied upon.
The features like cyclone shelters, rain shelters, helipads and other infrastructure including road network shall be clearly indicated on the CZMP for the purpose of rescue and relief operations during cyclones, storms, tsunami and the like.
The No Development Zone (NDZ) has been reduced to 50 metres from the High Tide Line against the earlier 200 metres in CRZ 3 A, permitting more construction towards the seaward side. The existing authorised developments on the seaward side shall be clearly demarcated. The NDZ has also been reduced for backwater islands in CRZ 3, which also has to be reflected in the CZMP 2019.
In the CRZ areas, the fishing villages, fishing zones in the water bodies, fish breeding areas, common properties of the fishermen communities, fishing jetties, ice plants, fish drying platforms or areas infrastructure facilities of fishing and local communities such as dispensaries, roads, schools, and the like, shall be indicated on the cadastral scale maps.
The guidelines mandate every state to prepare local-level maps for the use of local bodies and other agencies to facilitate the implementation of the Coastal Zone Management Plan. Cadastral (village) maps in 1:3960 or the nearest scale, as available with revenue authorities shall be used as the base maps.